In 2020, four Nigerian stowaways survived 10 days at sea before they were found hidden in a compartment above the rudder of a Norwegian oil tanker that had traveled from Lagos to Las Palmas, according to Norwegian media.

In the same year, a 14-year-old Nigerian told the Spanish newspaper El Pais that he hid for 15 days in a room atop the rudder of a cargo ship carrying fuel, as it journeyed from Lagos to the Canary Islands.

Poverty, violent conflict, and the quest for job opportunities continue to fuel migration out of West Africa, the Red Cross says.